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I am a graduate research assistant and Ph.D. candidate at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, AL. 


My dissertation project examines the effects of civilian targeting on interstate conflict outcomes. In particular, I study whether and how attacks on civilian populations foster enduring enmity and recurrent conflict between states. I am also analyzing incident-level escalation processes within militarized disputes to determine whether civilian targeting prolongs conflict or reduces the time until settlement.  


For this effort, I have been actively involved in developing a new dataset which documents targeted and collateral civilian deaths and other militarized conflict data at the confrontation level using the Militarized Interstate Dispute (MID) dataset. More information on this project can be found here.

My research agenda includes other effects of civilian targeting, most particularly the migration and movement of refugees and asylum seekers. I am also interested in looking more deeply at the relationship between government action and particular types of civilian groups who come under foreign attack.